Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza glaberrima (African rice) or Oryza sativa (Asian rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia and Africa. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production , after sugarcane and maize .
Rice, a monocot, is normally grown as an annual plant, although in tropical areas it can survive as a perennial and can produce a ratoon crop for up to 30 years. Rice cultivation is well-suited to countries and regions with low labor costs and high rainfall, as it is labor-intensive to cultivate and requires ample water. However, rice can be grown practically anywhere, even on a steep hill or mountain area with the use of water-controlling terrace systems. Although its parent species are native to Asia and certain parts of Africa, centuries of trade and exportation have made it commonplace in many cultures worldwide.
|Moisture||14% Max||14% Max|
|Damaged, Shrivelled and Yellow Kernels||6% Max|
|Chalky Grains||6% Max|
|Foreign Grains||1% Max|
|Paddy||30 grains Max per kg|
|Under Milled & Red Stripped Kernels||1% Max|
|Others||Average length: 6mm Min|